UK development in TYA has been untypical. In most of the world TYA means professional performance to children and young people by adults or children under adult direction, drawing on the professional theatre traditions of each culture. In the UK, TYA practice has been heavily influenced by educational drama since the 1960’s. By the 1990’s the mainstream of TYA in the UK was also drawing ideas from an academic focus on Applied Theatre. In broad terms this means a political or instrumental rather than artistic approach which has in some cases led to a distinct and unique form of theatre. UK TIE practice from the 1960’s has influenced TYA in Australia and UK and US Drama in Education models are followed in Anglophone Africa where University teachers are largely educated in UK or US institutions.